Search / Trial NCT00000668

A Phase I Pharmacokinetic and Tolerance Study of 28-Day Regimens of Oral Ganciclovir

Launched by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES (NIAID) · Aug 30, 2001

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Trial Information

Current as of June 13, 2024

Completed

Keywords

Retinitis Aids Related Opportunistic Infections Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Description

CMV retinitis is an important sight-threatening opportunistic infection which affects about 10 to 15 percent of people with AIDS. A previous study has shown that treatment with ganciclovir resulted in a significant delay in time to first retinitis progression compared to untreated controls. More studies are warranted to evaluate effects at different doses. In group A, 36 HIV seropositive patients with CMV viruria receive a single dose of intravenous ganciclovir followed by one of three oral dose regimens for 28 days. Twelve individuals are treated at each dose level. In group B, 12 patient...

Gender

All

Eligibility criteria

  • Inclusion Criteria
  • Concurrent Medication:
  • Allowed:
  • Topical acyclovir.
  • There are two groups of patients. Group A must have:
  • Confirmation of HIV infection by HIV antibody testing, p24 antigen, or culture of HIV.
  • A positive urine culture for cytomegalovirus (CMV) within 4 weeks of study entry.
  • Not received prior ganciclovir therapy.
  • Group B must have:
  • A diagnosis of AIDS by CDC criteria.
  • CMV retinitis diagnosed on funduscopic evaluation by an ophthalmologist.
  • Completed 4 weeks of intravenous ganciclovir with an improvement or stabilization of retinitis. The course of therapy should include a minimum of 24 days total of intravenous ganciclovir.
  • Patients in both groups must understand the nature of the study, agree to the tests required in the protocol, and must understand and sign an informed consent form approved by the appropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB) and by Syntex.
  • Required:
  • Group B:
  • 4 weeks of intravenous ganciclovir which should include a minimum of 24 days total of intravenous ganciclovir.
  • Exclusion Criteria
  • Co-existing Condition:
  • Patients with the following are excluded:
  • Macular involvement due to cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in both eyes.
  • Active CMV retinitis in which there is progression.
  • Presence of diarrhea or other clinically significant or uncontrolled gastrointestinal disease including persistent nausea and/or abdominal pain. Diarrhea is defined as > 3 unformed stools/day.
  • Dementia or decreased mentation or other encephalopathic signs and symptoms which would interfere with the ability of the patient to follow the protocol, to take assigned dose regimen reliably, and to keep a daily record on a calendar.
  • Significant CMV disease of other organs, including CMV gastroenteritis or CMV pneumonia.
  • Concurrent Medication:
  • Excluded:
  • Any investigational drug.
  • Acyclovir not specifically allowed.
  • Any other nucleoside analog.
  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Probenecid.
  • Aspirin.
  • Patients with the following are excluded:
  • Macular involvement due to cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in both eyes.
  • Active CMV retinitis in which there is progression.
  • CMV end organ disease.
  • Presence of diarrhea or other clinically significant or uncontrolled gastrointestinal disease including persistent nausea and/or abdominal pain. Diarrhea is defined as > 3 unformed stools/day.
  • Dementia or decreased mentation or other encephalopathic signs and symptoms which would interfere with the ability of the patient to follow the protocol, to take assigned dose regimen reliably, and to keep a daily record on a calendar.
  • Significant CMV disease of other organs, including CMV gastroenteritis or CMV pneumonia.
  • Prior Medication:
  • Excluded within 4 days of study entry:
  • Antimetabolite.
  • Interferon.
  • Other nucleoside analog including zidovudine (AZT).
  • Excluded for Group A:
  • Ganciclovir or other anti-cytomegalovirus therapy.

Attachments

readout_NCT00000668_2024-06-13.pdf

4.5 MB

NCT00000668_study_protocol.pdf

4.5 MB

About company

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, /ˈnaɪ.æd/) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.

Contacts

JC

Jennifer Cobb

Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Locations

New York, New York, United States

San Diego, California, United States

San Francisco, California, United States

San Francisco, California, United States

San Francisco, California, United States

People applied

Timeline

First submit

Trial launched

Trial updated

Estimated completion

Not reported

Reviews (48)

4.6

All reviews come from applied patients

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Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

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Michael Foster
20 September 2023

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Dries Vincent
20 September 2023

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Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

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