Search / Trial NCT00000696

A Phase I/II Open Label Study To Evaluate the Antiviral Potential of Combination Low-Dose Therapy With Zidovudine and Interferon-Alpha 2A in Patients With Symptomatic HIV Disease

Launched by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES (NIAID) · Aug 30, 2001

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Trial Information

Current as of March 05, 2024

Completed

Keywords

Interferon Alfa 2a Drug Therapy, Combination Aids Related Complex Zidovudine

Description

AZT is known to be an effective treatment for HIV infection. However, patients may develop reactions to AZT when it is administered for long periods of time. Combining AZT with another drug at lower doses might reduce toxicity in patients and prevent the development of drug resistant strains. IFN-A2a can reduce the growth of HIV in test tube experiments and recent studies have shown that when AZT and IFN-A2a are used together they reduce the growth of HIV more effectively than when either drug is used alone. This study will examine the effectiveness and safety of these drugs when they are g...

Gender

All

Eligibility criteria

  • Inclusion Criteria
  • Concurrent Medication:
  • Allowed:
  • Chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), as aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Ibuprofen.
  • Acute therapy (7 days) with oral acyclovir.
  • Acute therapy with ketoconazole.
  • Patients must have:
  • A diagnosis of AIDS related complex as well as defined symptoms within 12 months of study entry in the absence of concurrent illness or conditions other than HIV infection.
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  • Positive serum p24 antigen > 70 pg/ml. Patients may have received prior zidovudine (AZT) and / or interferon alpha therapy, provided that:
  • The total duration of treatment was < 6 months. Patients treated > 12 weeks but < 6 months should have received continuous therapy (no more than 14 consecutive days or 21 total days off during the treatment period). For patients treated = or < 12 weeks, continuous treatment means < 7 days off total during the treatment period. For all patients, a washout period of = or > 4 weeks must have elapsed prior to study entry. Treatment did not result in a major adverse reaction attributable to AZT or IFN-A2a such that rechallenge at a randomly assigned dosage level would be precluded.
  • Exclusion Criteria
  • Co-existing Condition:
  • Patients with the following are excluded:
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) as defined by opportunistic infections.
  • Significant cardiac (New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4), hepatic, renal, or neurologic disorder.
  • Concurrent neoplasm other than basal cell carcinoma or in situ carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Significant neurological disorder which impairs the patient's ability to give or receive informed consent or reduces the patient's performance status to the extent that protocol requirements and self-administration of drug cannot be accurately completed.
  • Concurrent Medication:
  • Excluded:
  • All concomitant medications should be kept to a minimum.
  • Chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), other than aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Other antiretroviral agents.
  • Experimental medications.
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Systemic corticosteroids.
  • Cimetidine.
  • Ranitidine.
  • Aspirin, acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents with the exception of ibuprofen.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmics, or vasodilators.
  • Systemic treatment for an active infection, including pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • Concurrent Treatment:
  • Excluded:
  • Systemic treatment for an active infection, including pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • Patients with the following will be excluded from the study:
  • AIDS as defined by opportunistic infections, Kaposi's sarcoma, or other AIDS defining neoplasms, HIV dementia complex, or HIV wasting disease.
  • HIV constitutional disease. Any one of the following:
  • Fever of > 38.5 degrees persisting for > 1 month.
  • Involuntary weight loss of = or > 10 lbs or 10 percent of body weight.
  • Diarrhea defined as = or > 2 liquid stools per day persisting for at least a total of 14 days without definable cause.
  • Significant cardiac (New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4), hepatic, renal, or neurologic disorder.
  • Concurrent neoplasm other than basal cell carcinoma or in situ carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Significant neurological disorder which impairs the patient's ability to give or receive informed consent or reduces the patient's performance status to the extent that protocol requirements and self-administration of drug cannot be accurately completed.
  • Prior AZT or IFN-A2a therapy for = or > 6 months.
  • Previous major adverse reaction to AZT or IFN-A2a.
  • Prior Medication:
  • Excluded:
  • Prior zidovudine (AZT) or interferon therapy for = or > 6 months.
  • Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:
  • Any antiretroviral agent, Cytotoxic chemotherapy, or immunomodulator, including corticosteroids.
  • Excluded within 30 days of study entry:
  • Anti-infectives or agents likely to produce hematologic side effects (e.g., trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole).
  • Excluded: Cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmics, or vasodilators.
  • Active substance abuse.

Attachments

readout_NCT00000696_2024-03-05.pdf

4.5 MB

NCT00000696_study_protocol.pdf

4.5 MB

About company

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, /ˈnaɪ.æd/) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.

Contacts

JC

Jennifer Cobb

Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Locations

Los Angeles, California, United States

Miami, Florida, United States

New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

New York, New York, United States

People applied

Timeline

First submit

Trial launched

Trial updated

Estimated completion

Not reported

Reviews (48)

4.6

All reviews come from applied patients

5 stars
41
4 stars
6
3 stars
2
2 stars
0
1 stars
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Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Michael Foster
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Dries Vincent
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

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