Safety and Tolerance of Indinavir Plus Ritonavir in HIV-Positive Patients Failing Therapy With Amprenavir, Nelfinavir, or Saquinavir
Launched by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES (NIAID) · Aug 30, 2001
Current as of November 28, 2023
IDV, a protease inhibitor, has shown excellent clinical and virologic responses when combined with 2 nucleoside analogues. Although effective, the pharmacokinetics of IDV make it difficult to use in many patients. The drug has a short half-life and requires administration in high doses every 8 hours with significant dietary restrictions. Research has shown that IDV kinetics can be improved significantly by the addition of RTV, allowing for administration of IDV at lower doses every 12 hours. The half-life of IDV is prolonged 3- to 5-fold when administered with RTV. Based on these results, i...
- Inclusion Criteria
- Patients may be eligible for this study if they:
- Are HIV-positive.
- Are at least 18 years old.
- Have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of at least 500 copies/ml but no more than 100,000 copies/ml within 45 days of study entry.
- Have been taking the following anti-HIV drug combination for at least 12 weeks before study entry: 2 NRTIs plus amprenavir (APV), nelfinavir (NFV), saquinavir (SQV), or NFV plus SQV.
- Are naive to at least 1 NRTI. This means that there is at least 1 NRTI that the patient has not taken for more than 14 days. In the case of lamivudine (3TC), naive means that the patient has never taken this drug.
- Are willing and able to drink 1.5 liters (a little over 1.5 quarts) of water or other fluids a day.
- Agree to use an effective barrier method of birth control (such as condoms) during the study and for 3 months after.
- Exclusion Criteria
- Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:
- Have taken protease inhibitors other than APV, NFV, SQV, or NFV plus SQV.
- Are resistant to the effects of IDV or RTV, as shown by a blood test. (Patients whose viral load is between 500 and 1,000 copies/ml will not need to be tested.)
- Have any active opportunistic (AIDS-related) infection in the 14 days before study entry.
- Have any medical condition or history of disease that would prevent them from completing the study or put them at risk.
- Have cancer that requires chemotherapy.
- Have an active infection that requires treatment in the 14 days before study entry.
- Have a fever for a week or more in the 30 days before study entry.
- Have taken nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) in the 30 days before study entry.
- Have received a vaccine in the 21 days before study entry.
- Have received an experimental drug or a drug that affects the immune system in the 30 days before study entry.
- Have taken or plan to take certain other medications that may affect the study.
- Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, /ˈnaɪ.æd/) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.
Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
New York, New York, United States
Los Angeles, California, United States
San Francisco, California, United States
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
All reviews come from applied patients