Treatment for Blood Clots in the Veins of the Legs
Launched by NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH CLINICAL CENTER (CC) · Nov 3, 1999
Current as of March 05, 2024
Acute deep venous thrombosis (ADVT) of the lower extremity is a common disorder. Traditional treatment with anticoagulation therapy is effective in reducing the associated risk of pulmonary embolism, but is ineffective in restoring patency of the venous system of the lower extremity. While systemic thrombolytic therapy has been shown to be more effective than anticoagulation, catheter directed local thrombolytic therapy is the most effective treatment in restoring venous patency. Current treatment regimens are based on use of urokinase, infused continuously through catheters imbedded into t...
- INCLUSION CRITERIA:
- Patients must be 18 years or older. A negative pregnancy test is required for all female patients of child-bearing age.
- Only patients with first onset acute DVT will be accepted. Acute DVT-LE must be documented by ultrasonography or venogram and will be defined as thrombosis of a major deep vein segment above the popliteal vein less than 14 days since onset of symptoms or diagnosis. Extension of thrombosis from the popliteal vein into calf veins is acceptable, but isolated calf vein thrombosis will not be treated under this protocol, as the benefits of thrombolytic therapy do not outweigh the risks.
- EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
- Current familial or acquired bleeding diathesis not attributable to heparin (prothrombin time greater than 15 s, a PTT greater than 36 s, fibrinogen less than 150 mg/dL); platelet count less than 50,000/gL unsupportable with platelet transfusions; creatinine greater than 2 mg/dL; severe hypertension (systolic greater than 200 mm Hg, or diastolic greater than 100 mm Hg); atrial fibrillation; known right-to-left shunts; pregnancy; breast feeding; history of anaphylactic reactions to contrast media; history or evidence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Patients with underlying coagulopathy must be evaluated and cleared by Dr. Horne or a consulting NIH hematologist before they can be accepted for the treatment protocol.
- Any of the following within the previous 2 weeks: gastrointestinal hemorrhage, active peptic ulcer disease, hemoptysis, genitourinary tract hemorrhage (except microscopic hematuria), major surgery, trauma, or biopsy of a non-compressible site.
- Any of the following within the previous 2 months: cerebrovascular accident or hemorrhage.
- Patients with hematocrits less than 30 percent or hemoglobin's less than 19 g/dl, based on Clinical Center testing will not be asked to participate in the Thrombolytic Enzyme Kinetic Study.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, /ˈnaɪ.æd/) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.
Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
All reviews come from applied patients