Search / Trial NCT00001721

Study of Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome

Launched by EUNICE KENNEDY SHRIVER NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (NICHD) · Nov 3, 1999

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Trial Information

Current as of May 26, 2024

Completed

Keywords

Cleft Palate Cholesterol Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome (Slo)

Description

Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome. Typical clinical features include a distinctive facial appearance, mental retardation, autistic behavior, hypotonia, failure to feed, poor growth, decreased life span, and variable structural anomalies of the heart, lungs, brain, gastrointestinal tract, limbs, genitalia and kidneys. The SLOS phenotypic spectrum is broad and variable. At the severe end of the spectrum SLOS is a lethal disorder with multiple major congenital anomalies; whereas, mild cases of SLOS present with a...

Gender

All

Eligibility criteria

  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Any patient with biochemically confirmed SLOS will be accepted into this study. Patients of any age, either gender, or any ethnicity will be accepted into this study. No exclusions will be made based on race or gender. Historically, more males than females have been diagnosed as having SLOS. This bias was likely a result of the fact that genital hypoplasia is readily apparent in a male, and therefore the clinical diagnosis is easier to make in a male patient. SLOS syndrome appears more commonly in individuals of Northern European ancestry. Out of 150 biochemically proven cases, only one was an African American and no patients of Asian descent were reported. One SLOS mutant allele (R404C) appears to be present in individuals of French Canadian and Creole heritage. This likely represents a founder effect. One puzzling finding is that the carrier rate of the most common SLOS mutant allele in Black Canadians from Ontario and African Americans from Pennsylvania appears to be approximately 0.7%. However, clinical cases appear to be rare. The predominance of Caucasians reported in the literature may represent a bias of ascertainment of the disorder, variable presentation in different ethnic groups, or a founder effect in some ethnic groups. Because we function as a referral center with respect to recruitment, the ethnic background of our population is likely going to reflect the overall population of diagnosed cases.
  • EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Patients will be excluded if they cannot travel to the NIH because of their medical condition.
  • Pregnant women will be excluded, and a negative urine pregnancy test will be required of menstruating women. This protocol focuses on biosampling. Increasing blood draws during pregnancy for research is not appropriate. Fetuses will be excluded since the proposed evaluations are not possible during fetal life.

Attachments

readout_NCT00001721_2024-05-26.pdf

4.5 MB

NCT00001721_study_protocol.pdf

4.5 MB

About company

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, /ˈnaɪ.æd/) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.

Contacts

JC

Jennifer Cobb

Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Locations

Bethesda, Maryland, United States

Bethesda, Maryland, United States

People applied

Timeline

First submit

Trial launched

Trial updated

Estimated completion

Yearly

Reviews (48)

4.6

All reviews come from applied patients

5 stars
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Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Michael Foster
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Dries Vincent
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

Leslie Alexander
20 September 2023

Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum?

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