Current as of December 10, 2023
Estrogen therapy has been associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease events in observational studies of postmenopausal women. Although favorable effects of estrogen on lipoprotein cholesterol levels probably account for much of this benefit, direct vascular effects (vasomotor, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory) regulated by nitric oxide (NO) may also be of importance. We have recently shown that vasodilator effects of estrogen in the coronary circulation are due to enhanced bioactivity of NO released from the endothelium. Estrogen has been shown to stimulate synthesis and activity o...
- All volunteer subjects will be assessed for study participation, including a cardiovascular physical examination and resting electrocardiogram. Fasting blood will be taken for SMAC, CBC, thyroid battery, lipid levels, estradiol and FSH levels under screening protocol 94-H-0045. A urine pregnancy test will be performed in women with a uterus and cessation of menses less than 6 months. Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroidal drugs (oral, ointment, drops or inhalation) will be stopped 10 days prior to starting the study and discontinued throughout the study.
- Thirty hypercholesterolemic (LDL greater than 130 mg/dL) postmenopausal women who have not taken estrogenic hormone, antioxidant vitamins (A, C, E), or lipid-lowering therapy in the preceding 2 months will be selected to take part in this double-blind, cross-over study.
- No subjects with plasma estradiol level greater than 50 pg/ml and FSH less than 50 pg/ml.
- No subjects with blood pressure greater than 160/100 mm/Hg (off medication).
- No subjects smoking cigarettes within 6 months.
- No pregnant subjects.
- No subjects with a history of deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolus.
- No subjects with important chronic medical conditions (cancer, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, COPD, renal disease) other than hypothyroidism if the subject is euthyroid on thyroid replacement.
- No subjects who refuse to follow nitrate-restricted diet for 3 days prior to each study.
Immunology at National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
All reviews come from applied patients